Showing posts with label weird bugs. Show all posts
Showing posts with label weird bugs. Show all posts

Thursday, 8 August 2013

Seasonal Pest Control

When the seasons change, so do the pests that come with them. For information, please continue reading below.
Here are some of the pests that may show up during the different seasons in Ontario.

Paper wasps are 0.7 to 1.0 inch (1.8 to 2.5 cm)-long wasps that gather fibers from dead wood and plant stems, which they mix with saliva, and use to construct water-resistant nests made of gray or brown papery material. Paper wasps are also sometimes called umbrella wasps, due to the distinctive design of their nests[1] or other regional variants such as Trinidad & Tobago’s use of Jack Spaniard.[2]
Paper wasps like to stay in the attic during the winter months and/or walls, and they re-appear during the intial warm day period in March or April, staying until late fall.

Carpenter ants are large (.25 to 1 in/0.64 to 2.5 cm) ants indigenous to many parts of the world. They prefer dead, damp wood in which to build nests. They do not eat it, however, unlike termites.[1] Sometimes carpenter ants will hollow out sections of trees. The most likely species to be infesting a house in the United States is the black carpenter ant (Camponotus pennsylvanicus). However, there are over a thousand other species in the genus Camponotus.
Carpenter ants are more active during early spring inside the home, and sometimes continue into the summer. Look for them on the outside of your home, near trees and/or shrubs.

The Little Black Ant (Monomorium minimum) is a species of ant. Members of the species are tiny and shiny black in color. These ants are usually found outdoors or in wood inside a home that causes it to decay.
Workers are 1/16 inch in length and the queens are 1/8 inch in length. Also the Soldiers are 1/13 of an inch in length. There may be 100, 000 in one colony. They use recruitment to deal more effectively with large prey. They form colonies with multiple queens.
Ants give birth to live pupa. Ant pupa laid by the queen can take just 10 days to mature. Winged ants may fly away and start a new colony if the current colony is overpopulated.
Small ants are one of the most common problems we come across in the Summer. They often stay outside of the home in gardens and patio stone walkways.
Carpenter bees (the genus Xylocopa in the subfamily Xylocopinae) are large bees distributed worldwide. There are some 500 species of carpenter bee in 31 subgenera.[1] Their name comes from the fact that nearly all species build their nests in burrows in dead wood, bamboo, or structural timbers (except those in the subgenus Proxylocopa, which nest in the ground). Members of the related tribe Ceratinini are sometimes referred to as “small carpenter bees”.
Carpenter bees show up in the Spring and stay around well into the summer. Infestations cause woodpeckers to poke holes into trees attempting to eat the larvae. This damage is serious and harms the trees.
Mud dauber (sometimes called “dirt dauber,” “dirt digger,” “dirt dobber,” “dirt diver”, or “mud wasp”) is a name commonly applied to a number of wasps from either the family Sphecidae or Crabronidae that build their nests from mud. Mud dauber may refer to any of the following common species:
Mud dauber wasps are around all summer long. They like to be around water, shrubs, bush, and flowers to hunt for caterpillars and spiders. They can build up into large numbers around your home, although not usually aggressive.

Yellowjacket is the common name in North America for predatory wasps of the genera Vespula and Dolichovespula. Members of these genera are known simply as “wasps” in other English-speaking countries. Most of these are black and yellow; some are black and white (such as the bald-faced hornet, Dolichovespula maculata), while others may have the abdomen background color red instead of black. They can be identified by their distinctive markings, small size (similar to a honey bee), their occurrence only in colonies, and a characteristic, rapid, side to side flight pattern prior to landing. All females are capable of stinging. Yellowjackets are important predators of pest insects.[1]
Yellow Jackets start in the Spring and are easy to treat early. By late summer or fall however, they are more difficult to deal with.
A mouse (plural: mice) is a small mammal belonging to the order of rodents, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail. The best known mouse species is the common house mouse (Mus musculus). It is also a popular pet. In some places, certain kinds of field mice are also common. This rodent is eaten by large birds such as hawks and eagles. They are known to invade homes for food and occasionally shelter.
Mice are an issue more so in the Summer, gaining access to the home through the garage or attic.

The mosquitoes are a family of small, midge-like flies: the Culicidae. Although a few species are harmless or even useful to humanity, most are a nuisance because they consume blood from living vertebrates, including humans. In feeding on blood, various species of mosquitoes transmit some of the most harmful human and livestock diseases. Some authorities argue accordingly that mosquitoes are the most dangerous animals on earth.[2]
Mosquitoes come in waves, usually initially in the Spring, then the summer. The number of them depends on the temperature and rainfall.

Pests in the Winter?

Winter Pest Control Tips
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By Kristin Masters
Just as humans prefer to bundle up indoors, insects and rodents like to find warmth and shelter however they can. Often this means creeping inside well-insulated homes for the winter. Although many pests go dormant for the winter, proper pest control measures protect homes from exposure to insects and rodents. The key to winter pest control is prevention.pest control london ontario
Prevent a Winter Insect Invasion
While many insects go dormant over the winter through a process called diapause, others migrate south or seek protective shelter. Thus ants, roaches, and other pests may become more common sights during colder weather. Some simple steps can keep these insects from making a home in your house:
    • Seal off holes on the outside of the house, where insects may gain entry. Smaller holes can be patched with caulk or spackle, while larger ones may require concrete to fill.
    • Check around baseboards and inside cabinets for cracks and crevices that could hide six-legged occupants, and fill holes accordingly.
    • Remove sources of food and water, which include dishes in the sink and crumbs inside cabinets.
    • Outside, much and firewood hold moisture, making them popular hiding places for roaches. Store these at least two feet from exterior walls.
    • If insects continue to invade, consider using a natural pest repellant to deter their entry. In conjunction with a sonic pest controller, these repellants will significantly decrease the incidence of pests in the home.
    • To humanely remove insects, use a pest vacuum to catch insects and place them outdoors unharmed.
  • Outdoors, trim hedges and trees in close proximity to the house. The branches can provide an easy path to the house for insects.
Keep Rodents from Taking up Residence
Unlike insects, mice and other rodents are not capable of going dormant for the winter. While some mammals, such as raccoons, do hibernate during the winter, most simply seek a warmer shelter. Mice, rats, and squirrels actively work on building warm nests year round, often inside homes.
    • To prevent squirrels and other animals from roosting in the eaves or attic, repair and patch any holes or other damage.
    • Clean out gutters and overhangs, where rodents can also build their nests.
    • Store yard waste like leaves and moss away from the house prior to disposal. These materials are popular nesting materials.
    • Keep birdseed in a sealed metal container. Mice can gnaw through plastic and eat seeds.
    • Common entry points are around pipes, where small cracks are frequently just large enough for a mouse to squeeze through. Block holes with steel wool.
  • In the house, eradicate clutter that can hide mice and rat nests and provide material for the nests themselves.

The Weirdest Insects in the World



There are over a million described species of insects, and even more that haven’t been studied. A little research indicates they are all strange in different ways. It was not easy to pick a dozen for this list, but these are all pretty weird.
The Longest Insect.
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The Borneo walking stick (Phobaeticus kirbyi) can grow to up to 32 centimeters long, with another 14 centimeters if you measure the legs stretched out! But you might not see one, even if you are in Borneo and looking for them, since they closely resemble the slender tree branches they live on.
The Biggest.
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(image source: KVUE)
Goliath beetles (Goliathus) are the largest insects in terms of bulk and weight. They can reach over 4 inches long, which doesn’t sound like much, til you look at the picture. The beetles are native to the African tropics, where they subsist on tree sap and fruit. Goliath beetles can be kept as pets, just feed them dog food (but don’t expect them to come when called).
Strongest animal on earth.
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The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle that lives in South America. It can grow to over 6 inches in length (counting its horns), but its claim to fame is its strength. The Hercules beetle can support 850 times its own weight on its shell! This beetles eats only vegetation and is not aggressive, except to other Hercules beetles, when males fight each other over females.
Weird Lifecycle.
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(Image credit: Hans Pohl)
The twisted-wing parasite (Strepsiptera) is an order of insects who display a gruesome lifestyle. The larval stage parasite will climb a flower and wait for an insect pollinator (bee or wasp) to come along. They climb aboard the bee, burrow into its body, and change into a second-stage larva. They feed off the blood and organs of the host. An adult male parasite will emerge from the host and search for a mate -a process that takes such little time that he never develops a mouth. The adult female remains in the host’s body for the rest of her life, never growing legs or wings. She mates by pushing only her reproductive organs outside of the bee’s body! Her offspring will emerge and look for new hosts.
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The gruesome behavior or the male African bat bug (Afrocimex constrictus) is directed at other bat bugs. Instead of copulating via the female’s sex organs, he will stab her abdomen to release sperm directly into her bloodstream. So the females have evolved paragenitals, a “spongy reservoir of immune cells” as a defense against these tactics. But since male bat bugs are not particular when it comes to mating, some male bat bugs have also developed paragenitals to defend themselves against sexual attack!
Bizarre Body Parts.
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Seed Beetles have rough sex, too, but in the conventional manner. What is very unconventional is the male seed beetle’s penis (shown in above picture). He can do some damage with that thing. So female seed beetles have developed thicker, more padded reproductive canals over time as self-defense against their paramour.
Trap and Torture.
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Tree ants (Allomerus decemarticulatus) in the Amazon contruct elaborate traps for other insects they feed upon. They build these traps from tree fibers reinforced with fungus. When an unsuspecting insect encounters the trap, the ants emerge from hiding underneath and pull the prey’s legs to immobilize them, almost like a torture rack. Then they dismember the victim and carry the parts off to the colony. This method of “drawing and quartering” allows the ants to dine on insects much larger than themselves.
Unstoppable Swarmers.
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(image credit: Mehmet Karatay)
Driver ants (Dorylus) or siafu are the masters of the swarm. Dorylus includes several species of army ants, primarily found in Africa. Colonies can contain 20 million ants! When the column is on the march looking for food, people can avoid them just by stepping aside. But there have been cases where invalids have been killed (by asphyxiation) when a column of ants marches through the house. They have been known to kill and eat animals up to the size of small zebras. The soldiers of the colony flank the column. Their bite is so strong and persistant that they are sometimes used to suture wounds; just apply an ant while you hold the wound together and let it bite, then rip the body off. It should hold for a few days. Male driver ants are so much larger than the rest of the colony that they appear to be a different species. Males lead a solitary life until sexual maturity, when they approach the colony for mating. When a male is detected, the workers of the colony tear off his wings and take him to be mated with their queen. You can watch this process on videoREAD MORE