Thursday, 5 September 2013
Friday, 23 August 2013
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Mice, trivia and information, including some useful statistics about animals will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting Facts about Mice are as follows:
· Fact 1 - Definition: A mouse (plural mice) is a small mammal belonging to the order of rodents typically resembling diminutive rats having pointed snouts and small ears on elongated bodies with slender usually hairless tails
· Fact 4 - Lifespan: The lifespan of mice ranges from to 2 years
· Fact 5 - Mice have tails that are as long as their bodies. Their tails have scales that help with climbing
· Fact 6 - Mice weigh between 1/2 and
· Fact 7 - A group of mice is called a mischief
· Fact 8 - Mice eat practically anything!
· Fact 9 - A mouse can jump down
· Fact 10 - Mice travel along the same route repeatedly leaving a smudge mark - a buildup of dirt and oil from their fur along walls, pipes and holes
· Fact 11 - Mice can transmit a disease called salmonellosis which is a bacterial food poisoning when food is contaminated with infected mouse faeces
· Fact 12 - Mice do not travel far from their nest, about 12 to
· Fact 13 - House mice breed throughout the year
· Fact 14 - House mice can become pregnant within 48 hours of producing a litter, so its important to action to rid your house of mice
· Fact 15 - House mice can run up almost any vertical surface including wood, brick, sheet metal, cables and pipes
· Fact 16 - A Male mouse is called a Buck
· Fact 17 - A Female mouse is called a Doe
· Fact 18 - Baby mice are called Kittens or a Pinky
· Fact 19 - Endangered Species:
· The house mouse has been evaluated but findings show no immediate threat to the survival of the species.
· Least Concern - LC (Status: At Lower Risk) - No immediate threat to the survival of the species
Monday, 19 August 2013
Keeping Pests Out Of Your Home: 10 Pest Control Tips From Sawyer Pest Management, London, Ontario
There's quite a few pests out there, and they have tendencies to merely annoy us or potentially cause serious damage to your house and your health. We've come up with some tips to help you keep the pesky bugs out of your home. You're probably familiar with a few nuisance bugs such as roaches, ants, spiders, crickets, and mice. Better seen in the fields or forest than your home! Please read below the 10 tips we have come up with to help prevention:
Pest Control Prevention Tips
- It is important to make sure the floors are always clean: mop up any spills right away with cleaning solution. It is recommended to clean the house hold flooring at least once per week and the kitchen a couple times per week.
- Keep the trash outside in a bin, and make sure it gets picked up by the garbage truck regularly. It is best to not leave any trash in your home overnight. This means all of them in the bathrooms, bedrooms, and the kitchen.
- Avoid leaving fruit out on the counter, it is best to keep it refrigerated even when it's ripe.
- Make sure the sink is emptied every night, with no dishes left behind. If you can't get to them, fill it with soap and water for the evening.
- Any food that is left out, make sure it is tightly sealed in appropriate containers. Cereal or seeds, grains and bread, keep them sealed either in bags or containers with a locking seal.
- Clean up any leaks in the house or fix dripping water faucets. It is important to keep the house dry and clean up any spills, even splashes of water.
- If you have pets, they need a bath at least once per week. Keep up to date on their flea treatments and make sure the hair brush is clean.
- Remove any cracks or open spaces in your homes structure; seal up any cracks on baseboards, cabinets, pipes, ducts, and fittings inside the home. Check outside and caulk all door frames, window frames, roof joints and any visible cracks on the exterior surface.
- The outside of the home should be kept as tidy as possible, by making sure any wood piles or leaves are not just laying around in the yard. Trim your plants down to make sure critters can't crawl up into your home. The gutters can harbour insects, and it's a good idea to keep those cleaned out.
- Pay close attention to what you bring into the home the best you can. Many unknowingly bring in insects or insect eggs when buying fruits and vegetables. Boxes or bags used to bring home these items can also harbor pests or eggs. Once they get through the front door of your home, they can multiply and cause infestations. Roaches are especially prone to be brought in this way.
These tips are meant to be a great starting point and not guaranteed to keep out all pests. If you are having problems even after following these tips, then you may want to seek the help of a professional.
If you need professional help with pests in your home call us today for a free estimate 519-661-6886.
Sawyer Pest Management′s team is ready to help you take control of your home. We specialize in Pest control London Ontario, pest management services, pest identification, pest extermination, and we service all of London Ontario plus surrounding areas for pests such as St. Thomas, Strathroy, Ingersoll, Dorchester, Exeter, Lucan, Goderich, Bayfield, Ailsa Craig, Appin, Arkona, Aylmer, Beachville, Belmont, Clinton, Dashwood, Dutton, Glencoe, Grand Bend, Hensall, Ilderton, Kirkton, Komoka, London, Melbourne, Mitchell, Mount Brydges, Nairn, Parkhill, Port Franks, Port Stanley, St. Marys, Seaforth, Springfield, Tillsonburg, Watford, Woodstock, Zurich. The best at Pest Control and complete pest control packages are provided to get rid of bugs. 519-661-6886.
Saturday, 10 August 2013
Pest control refers to the regulation or management of a species defined as a pest, usually because it is perceived to be detrimental to a person's health, the ecology or the economy.
Pest control is at least as old as agriculture, as there has always been a need to keep crops free from pests. In order to maximize food production, it is advantageous to protect crops from competing species of plants, as well as from herbivores competing with humans.
The conventional approach was probably the first to be employed, since it is comparatively easy to destroy weeds by burning them or plowing them under, and to kill larger competing herbivores, such as crows and other birds eating seeds. Techniques such as crop rotation, companion planting (also known as intercropping or mixed cropping), and the selective breeding of pest-resistantcultivars have a long history.
In the UK, following concern about animal welfare, humane pest control and deterrence is gaining ground through the use of animal psychology rather than destruction. For instance, with the urbanRed Fox which territorial behaviour is used against the animal, usually in conjunction with non-injurious chemical repellents. In rural areas of Britain, the use of firearms for pest control is quite common. Airguns are particularly popular for control of small pests such as rats, rabbits and grey squirrels, because of their lower power they can be used in more restrictive spaces such as gardens, where using a firearm would be unsafe.
Chemical pesticides date back 4,500 years, when the Sumerians used sulfur compounds as insecticides. The Rig Veda, which is about 4,000 years old, also mentions the use of poisonous plants for pest control. It was only with the industrialization and mechanization of agriculture in the 18th and 19th century, and the introduction of the insecticides pyrethrum and derris that chemical pest control became widespread. In the 20th century, the discovery of several synthetic insecticides, such as DDT, and herbicides boosted this development. Chemical pest control is still the predominant type of pest control today, although its long-term effects led to a renewed interest in traditional and biological pest control towards the end of the 20th century.
Many pests have only become a problem because of the direct actions of humans. Modifying these actions can often substantially reduce the pest problem. In the United States, raccoons caused a nuisance by tearing open refuse sacks. Many householders introduced bins with locking lids, which deterred the raccoons from visiting. House flies tend to accumulate wherever there is human activity and is virtually a global phenomenon, especially where food or food waste is exposed. Similarly, seagulls have become pests at many seaside resorts. Tourists would often feed the birds with scraps offish and chips, and before long, the birds would become dependent on this food source and act aggressively towards humans.
Living organisms evolve and increase their resistance to biological, chemical, physical or any other form of control. Unless the target population is completely exterminated or is rendered incapable of reproduction, the surviving population will inevitably acquire a tolerance of whatever pressures are brought to bear - this results in an evolutionary arms race.
Types of pest control
Biological pest contro
Biological pest control is the control of one through the control and management of natural predators and parasites. For example: mosquitoes are often controlled by putting Bt Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. israelensis, a bacterium that infects and kills mosquito larvae, in local water sources. The treatment has no known negative consequences on the remaining ecology and is safe for humans to drink. The point of biological pest control, or any natural pest control, is to eliminate a pest with minimal harm to the ecological balance of the environment in its present form.
Mechanical pest contro
Mechanical pest control is the use of hands-on techniques as well as simple equipment, devices, and natural ingredients that provide a protective barrier between plants and insects. For example: weeds can be controlled by being physically removed from the ground. This is referred to as tillage and is one of the oldest methods of weed control.
Elimination of breeding grounds
Proper waste management and drainage of still water, eliminates the breeding ground of many pests.
Garbage provides food and shelter for many unwanted organisms, as well as an area where still water might collect and be used as a breeding ground by mosquitoes. Communities that have proper garbage collection and disposal, have far less of a problem with rats, cockroaches, mosquitoes, flies and other pests than those that don't.
Open air sewers are ample breeding ground for various pests as well. By building and maintaining a proper sewer system, this problem is eliminated.
Certain spectrums of LED light can "disrupt insects’ breeding."
Poisoned bait is a common method for controlling rat populations, however is not as effective when there are other food sources around, such as garbage. Poisoned meats have been used for centuries for killing off wolves, birds that were seen to threaten crops, and against other creatures. This can be a problem, since a carcass which has been poisoned will kill not only the targeted animal, but also every other animal which feeds on the carcass. Humans have also been killed by coming in contact with poisoned meat, or by eating an animal which had fed on a poisoned carcass. this tool is also used to manage several caterpillars e.g.Spodoptera litura,fruit flies,snails and slugs,crabs etc.
Traditionally, after a sugar cane harvest, the fields are all burned, to kill off any insects or eggs that might be in the fields.
Historically, in some European countries, when stray dogs and cats became too numerous, local populations gathered together to round up all animals that did not appear to have an owner and kill them. In some nations, teams of rat catchers work at chasing rats from the field, and killing them with dogs and simple hand tools. Some communities have in the past employed a bounty system, where a town clerk will pay a set fee for every rat head brought in as proof of a rat killing.
With the many traps available on the market today you can easily remove mice and rats from homes. You must first know what rodent needs to be removed, you can then decide what type of trap is the best suited to your needs. The snap trap is the most widely used, it utilizes a trigger (sometimes shaped like cheese) to hold bait, and kills the rodent by striking it behind the head with a wire rod or jaw. In some instances you may wish to use glue traps also called glue boards. This type of trap requires the mouse or rat to attempt to cross the trap so the glue can hold the rodent. After a catch is made you can euthanize the rodent and dispose of it trap and all, or some glue boards will release the catch when you pour vegetable oil on them, as the oil reacts with the glue to lose its grip. The last type of trap are live catch traps, this type of trap is typically a repeating style so more than one animal can be caught at a time, they can also be released from this trap in a new location if desired.
Spraying pesticides by planes, handheld units, or trucks that carry the spraying equipment, is a common method of pest control. Crop dusters commonly fly over farmland and spray pesticides to kill off pests that would threaten the crops. However, some pesticides may cause cancer and other health problems, as well as harming wildlife.
A project that involves a structure be covered or sealed airtight followed by the introduction of a penetrating, deadly gas at a killing concentration a long period of time (24-72hrs.). Although expensive, space fumigation targets all life stages of pests.
A long term project involving fogging or misting type applicators. Liquid insecticide is dispersed in the atmosphere within a structure. Treatments do not require the evacuation or airtight sealing of a building, allowing most work within the building to continue but at the cost of the penetrating effects. Contact insecticides are generally used, minimizing the long lasting residual effects. On August 10, 1973, the Federal Register printed the definition of Space treatment as defined by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):
|“||the dispersal of insecticides into the air by foggers, misters, aerosol devices or vapor dispensers for control of flying insects and exposed crawling insects||”|
Laboratory studies conducted with U-5897 (3-chloro-1,2-propanediol) where attempted in the early 1970s although these proved unsuccessful.Research into sterilization bait is ongoing.
Another effective method of soil sterilization is soil steaming. Pest is killed through hot steam which is induced into the soil.
Destruction of infected plants
Forest services sometimes destroy all the trees in an area where some are infected with insects, if seen as necessary to prevent the insect species from spreading. Farms infested with certain insects, have been burned entirely, to prevent the pest from spreading elsewhere.
Natural rodent control
Several wildlife rehabilitation organizations encourage natural form of rodent control through exclusion and predator support and preventing secondary poisoning altogether.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency agrees, noting in its Proposed Risk Mitigation Decision for Nine Rodenticides that “without habitat modification to make areas less attractive to commensal rodents, even eradication will not prevent new populations from recolonizing the habitat.”
- Balsam fir oil from the tree Abies balsamea is an EPA approved non-toxic rodent repellent.
- Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha root emits chemical compounds that repel animals including crocodiles, snakes and rats.
Friday, 9 August 2013
Thursday, 8 August 2013
Bed bugs are parasitic insects that prefer to feed on human blood. The term is used loosely to refer to any species of the genus Cimex, and even more loosely to refer to any member of the family Cimicidae (cimicids). The common bedbug, Cimex lectularius, is the most famous species of the family. The name of the “bed bug” is derived from the insect’s preferred habitat of houses and especially beds or other areas where people sleep. Bed bugs are mainly active at night but are not exclusively nocturnal and are capable of feeding READ MORE
Fleas are the insects forming the order Siphonaptera. They are wingless, with mouthparts adapted for piercing skin and sucking blood. Fleas are external parasites, living by hematophagy off the blood of mammals (including bats and humans) and birds. READ MORE
Cockroaches are insects of the order Blattaria or Blattodea, of which about 30 species out of 4,500 total are associated with human habitations. About four species are well known as pests.
Among the best-known pest species are the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana, which is about 30 millimetres (1.2 in) long, the German cockroach,Blattella germanica, about 15 millimetres (0.59 in) long, the Asian cockroach, Blattella asahinai, also about 15 millimetres (0.59 in) in length, and the Oriental cockroach, Blatta orientalis, about 25 millimetres (0.98 in). Tropical cockroaches READ MORE
The term wasp is typically defined as any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant. Almost every pest insect species has at least one wasp species that preys upon it or parasitizes it, making wasps critically important in natural control of their numbers, or natural biocontrol. Parasitic waspsare increasingly used in agricultural pest control as they prey mostly on pest insects and have little impact READ MORE
Ants are social insects of the family Formicidae ( /f?r?m?s?di?/) and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera. Ants evolved from wasp-like ancestors in the mid-Cretaceous period between 110 and 130 million years ago and diversified after the rise of flowering plants. More than 12,500 out of an estimated total of 22,000 species have been classified. They are easily identified by their elbowed antennae and a distinctive node-like structure that forms a slender waist.
Ants form colonies that range in size from a few dozen READ MORE
True flies are insects of the order Diptera (from the Greek di = two, and ptera = wings). They possess a pair of wings on the mesothorax and a pair of halteres, derived from the hind wings, on the metathorax. Apart from secondarily flightless insects (including some flies), the only other order of insects with any form of halteres are theStrepsiptera, and theirs are on the mesothorax, with the flight wings on READ MORE
Birds (class Aves) are feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrate animals. With around 10,000 living species, they are the mostspeciose class of tetrapod vertebrates. All present species belong to the subclass Neornithes, and inhabit ecosystems across the globe, from the Arctic to the Antarctic.Extant birds range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) Bee Hummingbird to the 2.75 m (9 ft) Ostrich. The fossil record indicates that birds emerged within theropod dinosaursduring the Jurassic period, around 160 million years READ MORE
Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents of the superfamily Muroidea. “True rats” are members of the genus Rattus, the most important of which to humans are theblack rat, Rattus rattus, and the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus. Many members of other rodent genera and families are also referred to as rats, and share many characteristics with true rats.
Rats are typically distinguished from mice by their size; rats are generally large muroid rodents, while mice are generally small muroid rodents. The muroid family is very large and complex, and the common terms READ MORE
A mouse (plural: mice) is a small mammal belonging to the order of rodents. The best known mouse species is the common house mouse (Mus musculus). It is also a popular pet. In some places, certain kinds of field mice are also common. This rodent is eaten by large birds such as hawks and eagles. They are known to invade homes for food and occasionally shelter.
The American White-footed Mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) and the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus), as well as other common species of mouse-like rodents around the world, also sometimes live READ MORE
A moth is an insect related to the butterfly, both being of the order Lepidoptera. Moths form the majority of this order; there are thought to be about 160,000 species of moth (nearly ten times the number of species of butterfly), with thousands of species yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are crepuscular anddiurnal species. READ MORE
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