Showing posts with label Dorchester Ontario. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Dorchester Ontario. Show all posts

Thursday, 8 August 2013

A Very Unwelcome Guest!

These are definitely not the types of critters we like to come across. Unfortunately, they are one of the most resilient and persistent critters we commonly have to deal with. If you find yourself coming across issues with these little guys (sometimes large), give Sawyer Pest Management a call at 519-661-6886.

Bed bugs bite into housing budget – London Free Press

Bed bug infestations that have skin crawling across North America haven’t spared London, where the city-run public housing agency’s pest-control budget has increased 10-fold.
bed bug bite
Bed Bug Bite
Now that’s a pricey pest.
“It’s ballooned,” Derek Grater, acting chief executive of the London & Middlesex Housing Corp., said of the pest-fighting costs. “It’s all bed bugs.”
In recent years, the housing body — which provides subsidized public housing in London and Middlesex County — spent about $20,000 a year fighting pests.
Now? The tab has hit $200,000, almost all of it going to pay exterminators to battle bed bugs.
And Grater says he’d like to add $186,000 to hire two people to handle the infestations, though he expects that will be delayed at least a year.
“It’s really increased our workload tremendously,” he said. “We’re trying to re-organize the staff we do have to better handle the issue.”
The problem appears to have spread far beyond public housing in London.
Sawyer Pest Control owner Ryan Sawyer says about 40% of his business is bed-bug related — early in his 14-year career, he never dealt with them — and the calls come from everywhere. SEE MORE
We are locally owned and operated, servicing 

London Ontario, Strathroy, Ingersoll, Dorchester, Exeter, Lucan, Goderich, Grandbend, and Bayfield Ontario

Green Pest Management

Green pest management is a pest control strategy that sets pest action thresholds, monitors pest levels, takes steps to prevent pest problems and uses control methods that are organic (plant based) materials or materials of natural origin. Green pest management is an extension of integrated pest management and is similar in all regards except for the control methods. While both integrated pest management and green pest management choose the least risky pest control material, green pest management uses organic (plant based) materials or materials of natural origin.

Contents


Overview

Green pest management (GPM) is the natural extension of integrated pest management (IPM). Pest management occurs in three primary arenas, first, the agricultural arena, second, the urban or structural arena and third the turf and ornamental arena. Green Pest Management programs and service providers can be focused on agricultural, structural, turf and ornamental pest control. A GPM service plan follows the foundations of an IPM service plan with the exception of the type of pesticide applied when necessary according to the IPM or GPM plan. GPM service providers (pest control applicators or pest control technicians) use naturally occurring and low risk materials as the primary pest control material instead of a synthetic pesticide when a pesticide is called for as part of an integrated pest management or IPM plan. These may or may not include materials listed on the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI)[1] Pest management at an agricultural setting would include a farm or garden. Pest management at an urban or structural site includes residences, either single or multi-family, apartment houses and condominiums, hospitality such as restaurants and hotels, all types of food processing and manufacturing, warehousing, and industrial sites. Turf and ornamental pest control occurs at recreational sites, such as a lawn, park, playing field or playground, and may include plants for human or animal consumption or plants for utility, such as playing turf, or decorative use, such as a rose garden.

Government regulation

Currently there are no regulations on the use of the term “Green Pest Control”. Indeed, any pest control company could advertise a “Green Pest Control Service”. Efforts to move toward a standard are being made by the pest control industry. Consumer should beware that the term green pest control is still too vague to carry much weight. The terms environmentally friendly and organic are regulated terms within the pest control industry.
The government has regulation on exempt products. Exempt products comprise only materials that are on the EPA’s exempt list. These materials may include materials listed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as biopesticides. Biopesticides or biological pesticides are materials of natural origin or certain minerals.[2]

Pesticides

Pesticides are used to control pests, some examples are avicideherbicide and insecticide. Green Pest Management usually deals with insecticides and herbicides. For Green Pest Management the preferred materials are of natural origin. Materials of natural origin may be either organic, such as plant oils, or inorganic, such as boric acid. Not every material of natural origin would be preferred. It must also be low risk. Some plant oils used include Rosemary, Wintergreen, Eugenol (Clove Oil) and other oils. They act as insecticides at some concentrations and as non selective herbicides at other, higher concentrations. These low risk materials are often known as exempt or minimum risk pesticides or “25b products.” The term 25b refers to the section 25b of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act or FIFRA. Due to the nature of the active and READ MORE

Ontario Insects – Endangered Species

pest control london ontarioTwo important Ontario laws that pertain to insects are the Ontario Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997 and the Ontario Endangered Species Act, 2007. The former Act has been amended effective December 15, 2009 by the Good Government Act, 2009, while the latter Act has not been amended since it was passed. The text of both laws is available on the Ontario government’s e-laws website.
The December 15, 2009 changes to the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act were very minor and affected only the list of specially protected invertebrates. The Canadian Tiger Swallowtail (P. canadensis) was added to the list, and the Latin names of other species on the list were updated to reflect current biological literature.
The federal government protects endangered species through the Species at Risk Act. See the Species at Risk Public Registry for the species protected by this law.
The two Ontario laws are described in detail below.
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act (Ontario)
There are two main types of provisions in the law.
(1) One type applies to “wildlife”, which includes all animals that are wild by nature. This would appear to include invertebrates (including insects).
(2)The other type applies to “specially protected wildlife”, which includes “specially protected invertebrates” as one category. Certain butterflies are part of that.
a) Collecting in Provincial Parks
Subsection 9(1) makes it illegal to hunt, trap or possess wildlife in a provincial park or Crown game preserve.
This issue is also addressed in Ontario’s Provincial Parks and Conservations Reserves Act, 2006. In respect of provincial parks, paragraph (2)(a) of Regulation 347/07 under this Act states “(2) Except with the written authorization of the superintendent, no person shall, (a) disturb, cut, kill, remove or harm any plant, tree or natural object in a provincial park…” Although “natural object” is not defined, it appears to be broad enough to include insects.
b) Release of Imported Insects
The FWCA makes it illegal to release in Ontario any wildlife or invertebrates that is imported into Ontario or originates from stock that is imported into Ontario (section 54).
This rule does not only apply to exotic species; there appears to be no exemption for releases of species which naturally occur in Ontario. Thus, for example, if a person ordered eggs of the cecropia silkmoth from a dealer in Prince Edward Island and then released in Ontario the caterpillars or adults resulting from those eggs, he or she would be contravening the law.
c) Species Protected Elsewhere
A person shall not possess any wildlife or invertebrates that were killed, captured etc. contrary to laws of another jurisdiction or that were removed from another jurisdiction contrary to the laws of that jurisdiction (subsection 58 (1)). For example, it is illegal to have in one’s collection any insects that were caught in violation of another country’s endangered species laws.
d) All Ontario – Particular Species
The FWCA has major implications for people who raise insects, collect insects, or trade or exchange dead insect specimens.
Various activities in respect of any “specially protected invertebrate” are not allowed. These include the following.
-hunting or trapping (i.e., collecting): subsection 5(1).
-propagating (i.e., breeding): subsection 45(1)
-keeping in captivity (i.e., rearing and possibly also banding): subsection 40(1)
-buying or selling, including exchanging or bartering: subsection 48(1). Gifting is apparently not prohibited.
The penalties for violating these rules range from $150 to $250 per instance. However, it may be possible to be exempted from this rules through obtaining a licence from the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. This is discussed further below.
Schedule 11 to the Act defines “specially protected invertebrate” as follows:
  • Karner Blue (L. melissa samuelis)
  • Monarch (D. plexippus)
  • West Virginia White (P. virginiensis)
  • Mottled Duskywing (E. martialis)
  • Bog Elfin (C. lanoraieensis)
  • Frosted Elfin (C. irus)
  • Black Swallowtail (P. polyxenes)
  • Giant Swallowtail (P. cresphontes)
  • Old World Swallowtail (P. machaon)
  • Pipevine Swallowtail (P. philenor)
  • Spicebush Swallowtail (P. troilus)
  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (P. glaucus)
  • Canadian Tiger Swallowtail (P. canadensis)
  • Zebra Swallowtail (E. marcellus)
Note that this list includes not only rare or endangered species but also many common species, notably monarch butterflies and all Ontario species of swallowtail butterflies. The list includes only butterflies — no moths or other insects are included.
The above rules apply not only to living insects but also dead specimens or any part of a specimen (subsection 1(2)). The insect need not originate in Ontario to be included. Thus, the purchase of Zebra Swallowtail specimens READ MORE

Fun for Bugs! What’s that Bug?